Patiala is a city located in south-eastern Punjab, India. The city is the administrative capital of Patiala District. The city is located around a castle named Qila Mubarak(the Fortunate Castle). It was constructed by a militiaman Baba Ala Singh in 1763.

Patiala District lies between 29 49' and 30 47' north latitude, 75 58' and 76 54' east longitude, in the southeast part of the state. It is surrounded by FatehGarh Sahib ,Rupnagar andMohali to the north,FatehGarh Sahib and Sangrur districts to the west, Ambala and Kurukshetra districts of neighbouring Haryana state to the east, and Kaithal of Haryana to the south west.

Baba Ala Singh (1691-1765) a Sikh chieftain from village Rampura Phul in Bathinda District of Punjab, with his army of young brave men migrated to Barnala where Baba Ala Singh in 1722 set up his new state. Later Baba Ala Singh moved to a small village of Lehal where he built a new city on the village naming it as Patiala, he laid the foundations of a steady and stable state known as Phulkian Dynasty south to Sirhind. In and around Patiala District he founded many villages within his territory, and reconstructed many historical Gurdwaras relating to Sikh Religion.

it was from Baba Ala Singh time that Patiala District came in to being as before the area was under the Sirhind Government, Baba Ala Singh made Sirhind,Tohana ,Mansa ,Bathinda, Sangrur and Barnala, Fatehbad part of Patiala State.

In 1809 Patiala State came under British protection during the reign of Maharaja Sahib Singh (1773-1813) of Phulkian Dynasty, as he feared that Maharaja Rannjit Singh of Lahore would cross the sutlej river and take the district and state so the Patiala rulers got the British to protect them from further invasion from 1809-1947 Patiala remained under British Protection. In 1948 Patiala Princely State was Abolished by the Indian government.

Patiala District was further divided into Fatehgarh Sahib District on the 13 April 1992 Vaisakhi.

Patiala district population mainly follows Sikhism with tiny numbers of Hindus and small numbers of Christians.

Patiala having a population of 1,844,934 is the 6th most populated district of the Punjab after Amritsar, Ludhiana, Gurdaspur, Sangrur and Jalandhar as per 2001 census.

 Patiala, Patiala statiom  Gurudwara Dukhniwaran sahib Kali Devi Mandir 
 Patiala Fountain Chownk  Qilla Mubarak  Kali mata mandir
 Bodygaurd in Patiala  Sheesh Mahal  Deer Park
 

 


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